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Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller


Technische Universität Berlin
Machine Learning

Marchstr. 23, 10587 Berlin

© Christian Kielmann

Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller


Full Professor and Chair | Machine Learning Group at the Technische Universität Berlin

Distinguished Professor | Korea University, Seoul, South-Korea

Klaus-Robert Müller received the Diploma degree in mathematical physics in 1989 and the Ph.D. in theoretical computer science in 1992, both from University of Karlsruhe, Germany. From 1992 to 1994 he worked as a Postdoctoral fellow at GMD FIRST, in Berlin where he started to built up the intelligent data analysis (IDA) group. From 1994 to 1995 he was a European Community STP Research Fellow at University of Tokyo in Prof. Amari’s Lab. From 1995 until 2008 he was head of department of the IDA group at GMD FIRST (since 2001 Fraunhofer FIRST) in Berlin and since 1999 he holds a joint associate Professor position of GMD and University of Potsdam. In 2003 he became a full professor at University of Potsdam, in 2006 he became chair of the machine learning department at TU Berlin. He has been lecturing at Humboldt University, Technical University Berlin and University of Potsdam. In 1999 he received the annual national prize for pattern recognition (Olympus Prize) awarded by the German pattern recognition society DAGM, in 2006 the SEL Alcatel communication award and in 2014 he was granted the Science Prize of Berlin awarded by the Governing Mayor of Berlin and in 2017 he received the Vodafone Innovations Award. Since 2012 he is Member of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina and he holds a distinguished professorship at Korea University in Seoul. In 2017 he was elected member of the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and also external scientific member of the Max Planck Society. For 5 years he was director of the Bernstein Center for Neurotechnology, from 2014 he became co-director of the Berlin Big Data Center (BBDC) and from 2018 simultaneously director of the Berlin Center for Machine Learning (BZML). Together with Volker Markl he became Director of the new Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data (BIFOLD), after both BBDC and the BZML merged into BIFOLD. He serves in the editorial boards of Computational Statistics, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Journal of Machine Learning Research and in program and organization committees of various international conferences. In 2019 he became ISI Highly Cited Researcher.

2019, 2020, 
2021, 2022
ISI Highly Cited Researcher (Web of Science)
2017 Vodafone Innovation Award
2016 Best Paper’ prize for Visualizing and Understanding Deep Neural Networks, International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML)
2015 Editors’ Choice of the Year, Journal of Neurological Engineering
2014 Berlin Science Award by the governing mayor
2012 Elected Member of Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina e.V.
2009 ‘Best Paper award by IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society EMBS
2006 SEL-ALCATEL Research Prize for Technical Communication
1999 Olympus Award for Pattern Recognition
1998 GMD best project award
1996 GMD best project award

  • Statistical learning theory (Support Vector Machines, Deep Neural Networks, Boosting)
  • Learning of non-stationarity data
  • Fusion of structured heterogeneous multi-modal data, co-adaptation
  • Applications: MEG, EEG, NIRS, ECoG, EMG, Brain Computer Interfaces, computational neuroscience, computer vision, genomic data analysis, computational chemistry and atomistic simulations, digital pathology

  • External Scientific Member Max-Planck-Society
  • Member BBAW, Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences
  • Elected Member of Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina e.V.

Lukas Muttenthaler, Frieda Born, Klaus Greff, Thomas Unterthiner, Andrew Lampinen, Klaus-Robert Müller, Mike Mozer

Evaluating and supervising vision models with multi-level similarity judgments

August 06, 2024

Jonas Dippel, Niklas Prenißl, Julius Hense, Philipp Liznerski, Tobias Winterhoff, Simon Schallenberg, Marius Kloft, Oliver Buchstab, David Horst, Maximilian Alber, Lukas Ruff, Klaus-Robert Müller, Frederick Klauschen

AI-based Anomaly Detection for Clinical-Grade Histopathological Diagnostics

June 21, 2024

Farnoush Rezaei Jafari, Grégoire Montavon, Klaus-Robert Müller, Oliver Eberle

MambaLRP: Explaining Selective State Space Sequence Models

June 11, 2024

Julius Hense, Mina Jamshidi Idaji, Oliver Eberle, Thomas Schnake, Jonas Dippel, Laure Ciernik, Oliver Buchstab, Andreas Mock, Frederick Klauschen, Klaus-Robert Müller

xMIL: Insightful Explanations for Multiple Instance Learning in Histopathology

June 06, 2024

Khaled Kahouli, Stefaan Simon Pierre Hessmann, Klaus-Robert Müller, Shinichi Nakajima, Stefan Gugler, Niklas Wolf Andreas Gebauer

Molecular relaxation by reverse diffusion with time step prediction

April 16, 2024

Machine Learning| May 07, 2024

BIFOLD researchers present three papers at ICLR 2024

The International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR) is a Core-A gathering of experts who are dedicated to advancing a branch of artificial intelligence known as representation learning, which is also called deep learning.

BIFOLD Update| Jan 26, 2024

Hector Science Award for Klaus-Robert Müller

In 2024, the prestigious Hector Science Prize, endowed with 150,000 Euros, has been awarded to  Klaus-Robert Müller, Professor at TU Berlin and Director of the Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data (BIFOLD).  

BIFOLD Update| Dec 03, 2023

New open research positions

Join BIFOLD and collaborate with renowned experts on cutting-edge Machine Learning and Data Management research! Develop robust, trustworthy, and sustainable AI solutions with our team of international scientists. 

Data ManagementMachine Learning| Oct 16, 2023

Shaping Berlin's scientific community

The two BIFOLD initiators and co-directors, Prof. Dr. Volker Markl and Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller, are considered by the newspaper Berliner Tagesspiegel to be among the 100 most important figures in Berlin's scientific community.

Machine Learning| Sep 23, 2023

CORALS at Tokyo Biennale 2023

CORALS is a kinetic sound sculpture by the Italian media artist Marco Barotti. The installation was created as part of the BIFOLD Artist in Residence Program and is now being exhibited at one of the largest art fairs in Asia.

Machine Learning| Sep 19, 2023

33rd IEEE MLSP Workshop in Rome

Between September 17th and 20th, the 33rd annual "IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing" (MLSP) takes place in Rome. Prof. Klaus-Robert Müller, the director of BIFOLD, shared his expertise in machine learning through a keynote speech and panel discussions.

BIFOLD Update| Jul 10, 2023

BIFOLD welcomes Israel delegation

Among other institutions the BIFOLD hosted a delegation from Israeli universities as part of Germany's "Willkommen" Visitors Programme. Various BIFOLD researchers gave a short introduction to their research foci in AI. The “Willkommen” programme invites opinion leaders to experience Germany and gain a nuanced understanding of the country.

Artist in Residence| Jun 05, 2023

The swan song of the corals

The installation CORALS by BIFOLD Artist in Residence Marco Barotti addresses the effects of climate change using coral reefs as an example. With the help of machine learning models, the artist modulates satellite data and shapes it into a mystical tapestry of sound.

Machine Learning| Mar 29, 2023

How AI revolutionizes everyday life

At the 88th ZEIT Forum Wissenschaft BIFOLD Director Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller discussed with Kenza Ait Si Abbou, Director Client Engineering IBM, Mina Saidze, Data Lead Axel Springer SE, and Mario Brandenburg, Parliamentary State Secretary BMBF, how Artificial Intelligence is affecting our everyday life. The recording of the debate is available here.

Machine Learning| Jan 26, 2023

Simulation of complex quantum systems

An international team of BIFOLD scientists together with scientists from the Université du Luxembourg and Google has now successfully developed a machine learning algorithm to simulate complex quantum system.

Machine Learning| Nov 30, 2022

AI facilitates breakthrough in cancer diagnostics

So-called sinonasal undifferentiated carcinomas (SNUCs) are extremely difficult to diagnose. An interdisciplinary team of researchers has developed an AI tool that reliably distinguishes tumors on the basis of chemical DNA modifications 

Machine Learning| Nov 14, 2022

DSP Best Paper Prize

BIFOLD researchers Prof. Klaus-Robert Müller, Prof. Wojciech Samek and Prof. Grégoire Montavon were honored by the journal Digital Signal Processing (DSP) with the 2022 Best Paper Prize. The DSP mention of excellence highlights important research findings published within the last five years.

BIFOLD Update| Sep 16, 2022

More AI for Berlin

BIFOLD celebrates permanent federal-state funding with an international symposium and a ceremony.

Artist in Residence| Sep 01, 2022

A Poetic Dialogue of Art & Science

The Italian media artist Marco Barotti is BIFOLD artist in residence 2022. The goal of the residence program titled “Art of Entanglement” is to combine artistic and scientific perspectives on artificial intelligence. Marco Barotti will receive a total of 30,000 euros to create an artistic project of his choice, shaped by his regular interaction with BIFOLD researchers. “I am very excited about the opportunity to pursue a new dimension in my art working together with researchers at BIFOLD”, so Marco Barotti.

BIFOLD Update| Jul 01, 2022

Multi-Million funding for AI research “Made In Berlin”

Berlin’s AI competence center the Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data (BIFOLD) at Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) has now made the transition from project funding to permanent joint funding provided by the federal government and the State of Berlin. This sees the establishment of a national AI competence center in Berlin that will make an important contribution to the development and applications of artificial intelligence. Through a partnership with Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, BIFOLD is set to become a cross-university central institute in the near future.

Machine Learning| May 12, 2022

Wojciech Samek and Klaus-Robert Mueller Published new book on XAI

To tap the full potential of artificial intelligence, not only do we need to understand the decisions it makes, these insights must also be made applicable. This is the aim of the new book “xxAI – Beyond Explainable AI”, edited by Wojciech Samek, head of the Artificial Intelligence department at the Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute (HHI) and BIFOLD researcher and Klaus-Robert Mueller, professor of machine learning at the Technical University of Berlin (TUB) and co-director at BIFOLD.

Machine Learning| Feb 21, 2022

Function determines Form

An interdisciplinary research group has developed an algorithm which uses AI to implement inverse chemical design and thus generates targeted molecules based on their desired properties. The BIFOLD researchers expect that such algorithms, used in concert with other AI-driven approaches and quantum chemical methods, can greatly accelerate the search for new molecules and materials in many practical areas.

Machine Learning| Dec 15, 2021

Tracking spooky action at a distance

The use of AI in classical sciences such as chemistry, physics, or mathematics remains largely uncharted territory. Researchers from the Berlin Institute for the Foundation of Learning and Data (BIFOLD) at TU Berlin and Google Research have successfully developed an algorithm to precisely and efficiently predict the potential energy state of individual molecules using quantum mechanical data. Their findings, which offer entirely new opportunities for material scientists, have now been published in the paper “SpookyNet: Learning Force Fields with Electronic Degrees of Freedom and Nonlocal Effects” in Nature Communications.

Machine Learning| Dec 12, 2021

Two BIFOLD papers ranked as ESI Highly Cited and Hot Papers

Two machine learning papers by BIFOLD researchers received the “Essential Science indicators” (ESI) “Highly Cited” and “Hot Papers” labels for their impact in the science community.

Machine Learning| Nov 23, 2021

Science & Startups launches AI initiative

Science & Startups is the association of the four startup services of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Technische Universität Berlin and Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin. Now they officially launched their new focus programme: K.I.E.Z. (Künstliche Intelligenz Entrepreneurship Zentrum). K.I.E.Z. will be carried out in close cooperation with the Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data (BIFOLD).

Machine Learning| Sep 07, 2021

New type of algorithm for brain research

Together with an international team of researchers from Mayo Clinic BIFOLD Co-Director Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller developed a new type of algorithm to explore which regions of the brain interact with each other. Their results could improve brain stimulation devices to treat disease. For millions of people with epilepsy and movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, electrical stimulation of the brain already is widening treatment possibilities. In the future, electrical stimulation may help people with psychiatric illness and direct brain injuries, such as stroke.

Machine Learning| May 31, 2021

New cutting-edge IT infrastructure

A future-proof IT infrastructure is increasingly becoming a decisive competitive factor – this applies not only to companies, but especially to research. In recent months, BIFOLD has been able to invest around 1.8 million euros in new research hardware, thereby significantly increasing the institute’s computing capacity. This cutting-edge IT infrastructure was financed by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Machine Learning| Apr 29, 2021

Using math to reduce energy consumption

Klaus-Robert Müller, professor of machine learning at TU Berlin and Co-Director of the Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data (BIFOLD), discusses computation time as a climate killer and his predictions for science in 80 years.

Machine Learning| Apr 19, 2021

Tapping into nature’s wisdom

Electroencephalography (EEG), electrocardiography (ECG), electromyography (EMG) – all of these non-invasive medical diagnostic methods rely on an electrode to measure and record electrical signals or voltage fluctuations of muscle or nerve cells underneath the skin. Depending on the type of diagnostics, this can then be used to measure electrical brain waves, or the currents in the heart or muscles. Present methods use metal sensors which are attached to the skin using a special gel to ensure continuous contact. Researchers at the University of Korea and Technische Universität Berlin have now developed so-called biosensors made of the plant material cellulose. They not only offer better and more durable conductivity than conventional electrodes. They are also 100 percent natural, reusable, do not cause skin irritation like other gels and are biodegradable. The paper “Leaf inspired homeostatic cellulose biosensors” has now been published in the renowned journal Science Advances.

Machine Learning| Mar 09, 2021

KI in der Medizin muss erklärbar sein

Wissenschaftler*innen der TU Berlin und der Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin sowie der Universität Oslo haben ein neues Analyse-System für die Brustkrebsdiagnostik anhand von Gewebeschnitten entwickelt, das auf Künstlicher Intelligenz (KI) beruht. Zwei Weiterentwicklungen machen das System einzigartig: Zum einen integriert es erstmals morphologische, molekulare und histologische Daten in einer Auswertung. Zum zweiten liefert es eine Erklärung des KI-Entscheidungsprozesses in Form von sogenannten Heatmaps mit. Diese Heatmaps zeigen Pixel für Pixel welche Bildinformation wie stark zu dem KI-Entscheidungsprozess beigetragen hat. Dadurch können die Mediziner*innen das Ergebnis der KI-Analyse nachvollziehen und auf Plausibilität prüfen. Künstliche Intelligenz wird damit erklärbar – ein entscheidender und unabdingbarer Schritt nach vorn, will man KI-Systeme künftig im Klinik-Alltag zur Unterstützung der Medizin einsetzen. Die Forschungsergebnisse wurden jetzt in Nature Machine Intelligence veröffentlicht.

Machine Learning| Feb 05, 2021

BIFOLD fellow Dr. Wojciech Samek heads newly established AI research department at Fraunhofer HHI

The Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute (HHI) has established a new research department dedicated to “Artificial Intelligence”. The AI expert and BIFOLD Fellow Dr. Wojciech Samek, previously leading the research group “Machine Learning” at Fraunhofer HHI, will head the new department. With this move Fraunhofer HHI aims at expanding the transfer of its AI research on topics such as Explainable AI and neural network compression to the industry.

Machine Learning| Jan 13, 2021

BIFOLD research into ML for molecular simulation is among the 2020 most downloaded annual reviews articles

The paper “Machine Learning for Molecular Simulation” by BIFOLD Co-Director Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller, Principal Investigator Prof. Dr. Frank Noé and colleagues was among the top 10 most downloaded physical science articles of Annual Reviews in 2020.

Machine Learning| Nov 23, 2020

BIFOLD researchers are among the most cited worldwide

BIFOLD Co-Director Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller and Principal Investigators Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Caire and Prof. Dr. Frank Noé are featured in the 2020 Highly Cited Researchers™ list, either Cross-Field or in the Computer Sciences.

Machine Learning| Oct 16, 2020

BIFOLD research paper on machine learning for quantum chemistry published in Nature Communications

The Paper “Quantum chemical accuracy from density functional approximations via machine learning” by Mihail Bogojeski, Leslie Vogt-Maranto, Mark E. Tuckerman, Klaus-Robert Müller, Kieron Burke was published in Nature Communications. In this paper, the authors leverage machine learning to calculate coupled-cluster energies from DFT densities, reaching much better quantum chemical accuracy on test data than achieved with previous available methods. Moreover, their approach significantly reduced the amount of training data required.

Machine Learning| Sep 25, 2020

Deep reinforcement learning enables robot to beat humans in olympic sport

A Deep Reinforced Learning framework, developed by BIFOLD Co-director Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller and his colleagues at the Department of Brain and Cognitive Engineering of the Korea University in Seoul, enabled the robot “Curly” to beat top-level athletes in the Olympic sport of curling. The work was recently featured in Nature Research Highlights.

Machine Learning| Sep 23, 2020

Using machine learning to combat the coronavirus

A joint team of researchers from TU Berlin and the University of Luxembourg is exploring why a spike protein in the SARS-CoV-2 virus is able to bind much more effectively to human cells than other coronaviruses. is funding the research with 125,000 US dollars.

Machine Learning| Sep 17, 2020

Prof. Müller presents Berlin’s AI research network at Ellis Berlin inauguration

In a virtual inauguration event, the European Laboratory for Learning and Intelligent Systems (Ellis) network welcomed new regional network units.  Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller presented the AI research network in Berlin as well as BIFOLD’s approach of combining Machine Learning and Big Data research.

Machine Learning| Sep 15, 2020

Building with molecules due to reinforced learning

In a cooperation between the Machine Learning group at TU Berlin, led by Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller (Co-Director BIFOLD) and Jülich’s Quantum Nanoscience institute, led by Prof. Dr. Stefan Tautz, researchers enabled a robot to selectively grip and move single molecules from a layer, by applying reinforced learning. This work was announced a Scientific Breakthrough by the Falling Walls Foundation at this years Berlin Science Week.

BIFOLD Update| Aug 06, 2020

An overview of the current state of research in BIFOLD

Since the official announcement of the Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data in January 2020, BIFOLD researchers achieved a wide array of advancements in the domains of Machine Learning and Big Data Management as well as in a variety of application areas by developing new Systems and creating impactfull publications. The following summary provides an overview of recent research activities and successes.

Machine Learning| Jun 17, 2020

Dr. Huziel E. Sauceda nominated reviewer of the month by Communications Physics

Dr. Huziel E. Sauceda, postdoctoral researcher in Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller’s group, was nominated as Reviewer of the month by the Nature Research journal Communications Physics.

Machine Learning| May 13, 2020

Machine Learning meets Quantum Physics

BIFOLD researchers contributed to an in-depth referenced work on the physics-based machine learning techniques that model electronic and atomistic properties of matter.

Machine Learning| Apr 14, 2020

European AI research network Ellis established a new unit at TU Berlin

In positive response to a request by Prof. Dr. Klaus-Robert Müller (head of the Machine Learning Department at TU Berlin and one of the directors of BIFOLD) and other scientists, the Technische Universität Berlin became part of the European AI research network European Laboratory for Learning and Intelligent Systems (ELLIS).

BIFOLD Update| Jan 15, 2020

Official Announcement of Bifold in Berlin

On January 15, 2020 the Berlin Institute for the Foundations of Learning and Data (BIFOLD) was officially announced at Forum Digital Technologies in Berlin. Please also see the official press release of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and Technische Universität Berlin (both in German).