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ESA-ECMWF Report on recent progress and research directions in machine learning for Earth System observation and prediction

Rochelle Schneider
Massimo Bonavita
Alan Geer
Rossella Arcucci
Peter Dueben
Claudia Vitolo
Bertrand Le Saux
Begüm Demir
Pierre-Philippe Mathieu

June 21, 2022

This paper provides a short summary of the outcomes of the workshop on Machine Learning (ML) for Earth System Observation and Prediction (ESOP / ML4ESOP) organised by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) between 15 and 18 November 2021. The 4-days workshop had more than 30 speakers and 30 poster-presenters, attracting over 1100 registrations from 85 countries around the world. The workshop aimed to demonstrate where and how the fusion between traditional ESOP applications and ML methods has shown limitations, outstanding opportunities, and challenges based on the participant’s feedback. Future directions were also highlighted from all thematic areas that comprise the ML4ESOP domain.