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A Novel Self-Supervised Cross-Modal Image Retrieval Method In Remote Sensing

Gencer Sumbul
Markus Müller
Begüm Demir

July 12 , 2022

Due to the availability of multi-modal remote sensing (RS) image archives, one of the most important research topics is the development of cross-modal RS image retrieval (CM-RSIR) methods that search semantically similar images across different modalities. Existing CM-RSIR methods require the availability of a high quality and quantity of annotated training images. The collection of a sufficient number of reliable labeled images is time consuming, complex and costly in operational scenarios, and can significantly affect the final accuracy of CM-RSIR. In this paper, we introduce a novel self-supervised CM-RSIR method that aims to: i) model mutual-information between different modalities in a self-supervised manner; ii) retain the distributions of modal-specific feature spaces similar to each other; and iii) define the most similar images within each modality without requiring any annotated training image. To this end, we propose a novel objective including three loss functions that simultaneously: i) maximize mutual information of different modalities for inter-modal similarity preservation; ii) minimize the angular distance of multi-modal image tuples for the elimination of inter-modal discrepancies; and iii) increase cosine similarity of the most similar images within each modality for the characterization of intra-modal similarities. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed method compared to state-of-the-art methods. The code of the proposed method is publicly available at this https URL.